Tweed Water Spaniel Revisited

Even though there is no proof of the Tweed Water Spaniel in the Golden Retriever as of yet, it is very possible and also very probable that this water dog/retriever that resided and hunted along the Tweed River, was included in the breed. I am inserting previous blog posts to revisit…

This is from: “The complete farrier, and British Sportsman” By Richard Lawrence (veterinary surgeon.) –  dated: 1816

THE WATER-DOG,
Upon the sea-coast this breed is principally propagated, where they are mostly brought into use, and held in proportional estimation. Along the rocky shores and dreadful declivities beyond the junction of the Tweed with the sea of Berwick, water-dogs have derived an addition of strength, from the experimental introduction of a cross with the Newfoundland dog, which has rendered them completely adequate to the arduous difficulties and diurnal perils in which they are systematically engaged. These stupendous and inaccessible cliffs and precipices are so favorable to the propagation of soland geese, sea-gulls, and wild fowl of every description, that the coast may be said to be covered with them, from one extremity of the northern district to the other, and the necessitous and laborious class entirely support themselves and families, during the greater part of the year, by patient attacks whenever there is a probability of success, (otherwise they never discharge a gun) and by the persevering exertions of their dogs. Those cliffs, or recesses, are selected which, from their situation at certain angles, or points, afford the most promising expectations of success: in each of these, (but not at a less distance than one quarter, or the third of a mile from each other) huts are so curiously constructed with sods, intermixed with loam, marl, and other applicable articles, as to form, when finished, a seeming part of the rock itself. To each hut is a door, or shelf, within, for the convenience of depositing provisions and ammunition, as well as three circular openings of four inches diameter, (to the right, the left, and the centre,) for the discovery of the fowl on their approach, and the subsequent discharge of the gun, when they, fortunately, were within shot, but which is never discharged except the magnitude of the birds promises a profitable hit; the smaller tribe are permitted to pass unmolested. In this sequestered situation, remote from every human eye, accompanied only by his faithful dog, the adventurer takes his seat at the very dawn of day, his success depending more upon the fluctuating favor of the elements than upon any energetic endeavors of his own. This occupation (for by the happy and enlightened part of the world it cannot be termed a sport, or amusement,) requires more patience and philosophy than any other in which the dog and gun are conjunctively concerned.

Tweedside Water Spaniel

Posted on May 18, 2011by 

I was reading a book this morning that had reference to a Tweedside Water Spaniel. The author was giving his own account as to the value of a good retriever in the Highlands of Scotland. He differentiates between the Irish and the Tweedside so they must have had their differences which makes the image of Belle in the Guiaschan photo even more plausible.

In pheasant shooting two varieties of the dog, not already treated of, are used—the cocker or spaniel, and the retriever. Both may be used with advantage in other kinds of shooting, the retriever being invaluable, and far too little employed by sportsmen. The retriever, as his name implies, is simply any dog which recovers and fetches game when killed, as some pointers and setters do by nature, while others of these varieties are so taught, especially on the Continent. This is an accomplishment, however, these breeds are much better without. But a proper retriever should be a powerful dog, patient, and quite under command, and never leaving your foot until told to do so. The Irish and Tweedside water spaniels make good retrievers, but want power, to secure which a cross with a genuine Newfoundland dog is recommended. A perfect retriever must possess a good nose, strength, and steadiness, and must take to water freely—acquire these qualities by any manner of breeding whatever. He must besoft-mouthed, i.e., he must not injure game while carrying, but, like Isaak Walton with the frog, use them as though he loved them. The produce of a strong Newfoundland dog with a gentle-tempered setter slut is as good as can possibly be advised. Such will both hunt covert well, doing quietly the work of a dozen noisy boys, and retrieve wounded and dead game successfully through goodness of nose derived from the dam.But as good and bad qualities in dogs are hereditary, the young sportsman need not pay particular attention as to how the good qualities have been obtained by crossing, provided that they are there, and cannot do better than purchase the progeny of proved parents, regardless of the breed—this being quite a different thing from setters or pointers, which have a certain specific and instinctive work to do, independent of general sagacity. Retrievers are seldom thoroughly trained until two years old; they cannot be broken-in at once like the pointer—hence the best are those which have followed a keeper’s steps from puppyhood, and their price is high when perfect in all their parts. In fact, no dog is so valuable to the sportsman, yet, notwithstanding, they are not used to nearly the extent they deserve. A retriever saves time, game, money for beaters, and also saves labour in trapping, by recovering dead game which would otherwise be lost, and serve for food for all sorts of running vermin, which are thus drawn into ground where retrievers are not used.

“Scottish field sports: a volume of mingled gossip and instruction” – By James Dalziel Dougall  1861

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Dog purely as product?

trademark-pup

Trademarking a dog breed is an extreme reaction to our system of registerd dogs. I can see where someone might come from in doing so in this ever growing world that is drawn so closely through modern technology. However, the only person that I have ever communicated with who practices trademarking their dogs not only is hostile (probably in reaction to our angry world) but also a hypocrite. How can you say that trademarking is any better than setting up your own registry system where you are in control of everything. I think trademarking dog breeds sends us seriously backward. I firmly believe that to promote change, you need numbers to send petitions to the current system. I suggest setting up an on-line petition for the allowance of cross breeding for health, structure, and purpose reasons. The people trademarking their dogs get up on an even higher horse than the registries. I cannot get on THAT bandwagon. It is wrong in so many ways. In this world where there already are too many lawyers and lawsuits, that is like building a dog empire on the worst part of our set of “systems.” JMO

Also, these people are using AKC breeds. How hypocritical is that?

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History is as good as what is recorded….

gbook-note

There is no mention of the Tweed Water Spaniel in the Guisachan  stud book. There is a note on the cover page that was later added that reads: Tweed over the words Water Spaniel but the note appears to read to me to mean that Tweed was bred to a water spaniel and that was Belle since below it it reads that belle was Tweed’s daughter. Was that water spaniel a Tweed Water Spaniel? It is possible. But to assume that Belle and the two Tweeds that were mentioned in the stud book were Tweed Water Spaniels is an educated assumption as they are simply listed under the heading retrievers. There is no mention as far as what these retrievers looked like or what they were bred from other than they were bred by David Marjoribanks. To think that he was using Tweed Water Spaniels is an educated guess in that they did reside in the area and they look more like the offspring than a traditional water dog.

I don’t feel that the note was added by Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks (Lord Tweedmouth) when I compare the hand writing. It also doesn’t make sense to me why he would have written that note either. My guess is that it was written by his grandson. He may have heard this verbally which is a valid way to tell history but I think he would have done better to add a note with his name saying this is what he was told rather than pasting in a note to be passed off as Lord Tweedmouth’s. Lord Tweedmouth raised way more than retrievers and it is more than suspicious to think that he would single out in a separate area these notes. I would have believed the grandson if he said that he was told this as would have others. Adding the note detracts from the story. Just my suspicion and not to be taken as factual the way that so many suspicions are.

When you read the description of the Tweed Water Spaniel that hunted along the Tweed River, the assumption that there was Tweed Water Spaniel within the breed, is a good suspicion. It is not, however, written in the stud book. Ladykirk bred gift from D. Robertson does not translate to Tweed Water Spaniel. Wouldn’t it be nice if someone could find records for David Robertson’s (Marjoribanks) dogs. That would most definitely clear up the matter very nicely.

Elma Stonex believed so firmly that Belle was a Tweed Water Spaniel that she wrote that she was listed that way in the stud book. Belle simply was not listed as anything other than a retriever. I have looked through the pages up and down and she most definitely was not classified as a Tweed Water Spaniel. I think that Elma Stonex was verbally told this and saw the note and so believed. It is not a bad belief but someone needs to set the record straight about the stud book. Otherwise it all becomes propaganda. We do not want that. Verbal historical record is very valuable and it should be recorded that way. Altering historical artifacts is not the way to go.

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Another Myth Busted…

lord-tweedmouth

There has been a rumor going around that Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks was not Lord Tweedmouth but rather Baron Tweedmouth.

Well, the fact is that he was both and referred to as both.

He was a part of the House of Lords in parliament (Lord) and he was a land owner (baron.)

People get confused when someone who owns a great amount of land is referred to as Baron. They think of that as a title like Lord but is just referring to the land owned.

My great grandfather was a baron but he was not part of royalty or any praliament. He simply owned quite a bit of land.

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Dogs of Purpose

I was reading through a few books from the 1800’s to get a better feel for the dogs and thinking that went into the creation of today’s retrievers. Well, clearly I have been doing this for a few years and that is how this blog came about… I found that there was a huge leap from the early to late 1800’s as far as dog breeds. I smile when I see the ancestor of the Springer Spaniel referred to as the Springing Spaniel in 1829 and also can’t help but notice that the Spaniel in general at that point in time ranged in size from the very tiny to the very large St. Bernard.

St Bernard, Alpine Spaniel

St Bernard, Alpine Spaniel

By the 1870’s, guns had a longer range and the need for the retrieving dog became such that there was a real quest as far as crossing to find the best mix to do the job.

At that point int time there was already established the Retriever Proper but that retriever was not quite right yet. The addition of the Spaniel which was being used when the game was small enough was missing. Of course except for in a couple of instances such as Lord Tweedmouth’s dogs who had the addition of the Tweed Water Spaniel.

retriever-judging-points

retriever-judging-points

In the book “Dogs: their Sagacity, Instinct, and Uses,”  George Frederick Pardon (1877) writes that a retriever proper is a mixture of an Irish Water Spaniel and a Newfoundland. This retriever has a large eye and capacious mouth. His ear smaller with shorter fur close to the head. His nose very large and his neck long and his shoulders oblique and deep and his chest very broad and powerful. The loins, back, and hind quarters strong for the carry especially over a stone wall. His legs long, straight and muscular with round moderate feet well arched. His coat flat, shining and abundant unless needed for punt shooting where it should be short. Tail should be well feather and moderately short and carried gaily. The feather should taper.

He writes that the temper is the foundation of a good retriever and needs to be good. He should be 24 inches at shoulders, moderately long in the body. The setter cross is best but may cause a problem with liking water. “An English Retriever, whether smooth or curly, should be black or black and tan, or black with tabby or brindled legs, which are indicative of it’s Labrador origin. Preference is given by many to the flat-coated or short-coated small St. John’s breed. It has a marvelous intelligence, a great aptitude for learning, a good carrier; with a soft mouth, great strength, and thorough liking for swimming.”

He goes on to say that at times he prefers the spaniel as a retriever since his nose is keener but the spaniel is limited on game size to retrieve. the spaniels he mentions are:the Golden-liver Sussex and the Norfolk Springer. A problem with using terriers is that if they have been used for ratting that they would tear apart the game.

And so it is only a matter of time that hunters would perfect their retrievers with the addition of the spaniel, a dog that on it’s own made a great retriever and who had a better nose than the Irish Water Dog.

So what was the Spaniel? This term was used for many years but it was a very open term.  There were little lap spaniels and big St. Bernard Spaniels. Dudley Marjoribanks bred in a now elusive spaniel called the Tweed Water Spaniel which we know mostly from writings about it residing along the Tweedmouth River.

Newfoundland-1829

Newfoundland-1829

Biographical sketches and authentic anecdotes of dogs , Thomas Brown
1829

Dogs: their sagacity, instinct, and uses, George Frederick Pardon
1877

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Old to New

…and hopefully back again!

Can we return to something more practical?

Cocker Spaniel in 1903:

1903_CockerSpaniel2Cocker Spaniel? (Dust Mop!!!) today:

max_stoja12Which one would you want as a working companion? Which one would you want as a pet?

The photos don’t show a very important difference in these dogs. The earlier dog has an even temper along with drive in the field. The today’s version will bite you!

What can we do to reverse this?

Can we stop the Golden Retriever from succumbing to all these same bad practices of breeding for the show ring which is a totally out of touch place as far as reality? The Golden is NOT supposed to be blocky headed. The Golden is NOT supposed to be big boned. The Golden is NOT supposed to have massive amounts of fur. The Golden is NOT supposed to be a large dog!!! It is supposed to be MODERATE!

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What is a Breed?

The Encyclopaedia of Sport, Volume 1 (Google eBook) Front Cover Henry Charles Howard Earl of Suffolk and Berkshire, Hedley Peek, Frederick George Aflalo Lawrence and Bullen, 1897

The Encyclopaedia of Sport, Volume 1 
Front Cover
Henry Charles Howard Earl of Suffolk and Berkshire, Hedley Peek, Frederick George Aflalo
Lawrence and Bullen, 1897

What is a breed? We humans want to classify everything in life in order to control it enough to examine and understand within our given abilities each item. In the case of dogs, breeds have gone beyond a dog’s color and abilities. Breed descriptions have become rather rigid and allow us to better understand dogs within each breed by simplifying the attributes allowed to be bred. Our very simple minds can more easily handle a cookie cutter dog type than to allow a more organic progression of dog breeding. Because of our human short shortsightedness and limited information processing abilities, we have institutions such as the AKC and events such as the Westminster or Crufts.

When the above article was written regarding the Retriever, the specialized retrieving dog was a newer concept. There were many sportsmen breeding various combinations of dogs to retrieve and the sport of breeding that perfect dog was quite a contest.

Today, because of our human need to have the AKC and similar registries, retrievers have been placed into very specific and rigid categories. Like children who don’t want there peas and carrots mixed up with their mashed potatoes, dogs from these various categories are not allowed to breed to one another. They must remain “pure.” Since the breed is controlled in this manner, our dogs are not very healthy and do not live very long lives.

Having breeding standards for health including functional structure is a good thing. Can true health be found within these rigid registries?

When I watch the Westminster, it’s the extreme dogs that draw attention however, all these dogs could be healthier and better off if they were bred more responsibly. Breeding responsibly means not breeding for the breed ring win.

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“English Retriever”

Title Outing: Sport, Adventure, Travel, Fiction, Volume 35
Publisher W. B. Holland, 1899
TitleOuting: Sport, Adventure, Travel, Fiction, Volume 35 Publisher	W. B. Holland, 1899

Title Outing: Sport, Adventure, Travel, Fiction, Volume 35
Publisher W. B. Holland, 1899

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A retriever’s purpose…

Fetch and carry: a treatise on retrieving

By Bernard Waters

1895

This book written just before the turn of the 20th century, is largely about how to train and hunt with a retrieving dog. The Chesapeake Bay dog that is illustrated looks very “setterish” to me . It also shows a prized black retriever that looks like it has a bit of white on it’s chest if you look closely.


chesie royal-luck

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Dog Pigmentation

In reading about all these different dogs used for retrieving and also in looking at the dogs that were bred by Lord Tweedmouth at the inception of the Golden Retriever breed, one has to consider color. I found a really great website that explains dog color genetics really well: http://www.doggenetics.co.uk/index.htm .

I have taken time out to study this since I do not have formal training in genetics.

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